Feed accounts for 50-70% of the total costs in animal production. These costs are influenced by the price of raw materials, mainly grains and oilseeds. Thus, quality of the raw materials must be guaranteed, as this can, in addition to costs, represent losses in terms of productivity. With nowadays upward trend in cost of the raw materials intended for feed production, additional pressure on feed millers and farmers has been created to produce cheaper feed that will simultaneously meet nutritional and safety criteria. Therefore, if must use economical raw materials, feed mills should ensure monitoring of inbound ingredients and final products for the presence of possible contaminants. Mycotoxins can cause serious health problems in animals and their presence in agricultural commodities may result in serious economic losses. It has been estimated that mycotoxin-contaminated grains cost grain handlers and the livestock industry several hundred million dollars annually.
The 2019/2020 PATENT CO. mycotoxin survey included more than 1000 corn sample collected from more than 20 countries across 5 continents. These corn samples were analysed by LC-MS/MS triple quad (Agilent 6460 series) based multi-mycotoxin method for quantification of all mycotoxins present (Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), B2, G1 and G2, Ochratoxin A (OTA), Zearalenone (ZON), Deoxynivalenol (DON), Fumonisin B1 and B2 (FB1 & FB2), T-2 & HT-2 toxins) that are regulated in the EU in feed by EU Directive 2002/32/EC, 2006/576/EC and 2013/165/EU.
More than 1000 samples were received for analysis at PATENT CO., and out of these, 92% of the samples (Fig 1.) were found contaminated with one or more mycotoxins.
Fumonisins were detected in 82% of all samples, DON in 27%, AFB1 in 9%, T-2/HT-2 in 12% and ZON in 17% from the different countries in different Continents examined (Table 1.). These results demonstrated that globally, Fusarium mycotoxins (FB1, FB2, DON, ZON,) were the main mycotoxins detected in 2019 harvested corn. FB1 and FB2 were detected in 82% of the samples, DON in 27%, AFB1 in 15%, and ZON in 21 % of samples received. These results demonstrate that fumonisins, type B trichothecenes and ZON were the predominant mycotoxins in the feed corn samples obtained from the 2019 harvest in the different regions of the world.
Based on the results of this survey which was conducted on corn collected between September 2019 and March 2020 across 5 continents, corn should not automatically be considered safe for inclusion into finished feed rations for all animal species. Monitoring of feed ingredients and complete mixtures can help to reveal potential threats to animals while regular application of mycotoxin solution cannot be overlooked.
Nowadays, there are a variety of products available on the market for animal feed with a ‘toxin binder capacity, and the risk of mycotoxins in the animal organism is reduced or avoided. Anyway, novel approach in mycotoxin absorption is necessary. PATENT CO. has developed a special patented technological process of clinoptilolite surface modification, therefore improving its affinity for adsorption of all mycotoxins. MINAZEL PLUS is a result of unique organic modification and activation of clinoptilolite surface to adsorb both polar and less-polar mycotoxins with high efficiency and strong bonding.
BE SURE TO PROTECT YOUR ANIMALS, IMPLEMENT CONSTANT MONITORING OF FEEDSTUFF AND PROPPER MYCOTOXIN RISK MANAGEMENT WITH PATENT CO. 360° TOTAL MYCOTOXIN PROTECTION.